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Meetings & Conferences
The following models, papers and newsletters can be downloaded freely. MI welcomes feedback on any of our models and publications.


The following "run-only" models can be used by anyone to experiment with scenarios for different investment options. The "research" version of the T21 Starting Framework is available only with a license, and offer greatly extended options for modifying and expanding the model. For more information on building a model for a country, region, or institution, contact us.

System Requirements: Windows 98 or later, 10MB Hard Disk, 64MB RAM

T21-China Model and User Guide (13mb)

T21-Lolland Model and User Guide (4.5mb)

T21-North America Model and User Guide (11.4mb)

T21-USA Model and User Guide (5.8mb)

T21-Jamaica Model and User Guide (5.4mb)

T21-Africa Environment Outlook Model and User Guide (7mb)

T21-Ghana Model and User Guide (3.8mb)

T21-Malawi Model and User Guide (3.8mb)

T21-Mali Model and User Guide (6.9mb)

T21-Mozambique Model and User Guide (4.6mb)

T21-Papua Model and User Guide (4.1mb)

T21-Guyana Model and User Guide (8.2mb)


Estimating the impact of investing in a resource efficient, resilient global energy-intensive manufacturing industry. Andrea M. Bassi, Z. Tan and Armstrong Mbi. Technology Forecasting and Social Change.

Climate policy and energy-intensive manufacturing: A comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of cost mitigation provisions in the American Energy and Security Act of 2009. Andrea M. Bassi and J. Yudken. Energy Policy. 2011.

A context-inclusive approach to support energy policy formulation and evaluation. Andrea M. Bassi. Regional Environmental Change. 2011; 11(2):285-295.

Evaluating the Use of an Integrated Approach to Support Energy and Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation. Andrea M. Bassi. Energies. 2010; 3(9):1604-1621.

An Integrated Assessment of Investments towards Global Water Sustainability. Andrea M. Bassi, Z. Tan and S. Goss. Water. 2010; 2(4):726-741.

T21-Ohio, a System Dynamics Approach to Policy Assessment for Sustainable Development: A Waste to Profit Case Study. Emrah Cimren, Andrea Bassi and Joseph Fiksel, Sustainability 2010, 2(9), 2814-2832.

Climate Change and Energy-Intensive Manufacturing: The Competitiveness Impacts of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009. Joel Yudken and Andrea M. Bassi, February 2010

Creating Synergies from Renewable Energy Investments, a Community Success Story from Lolland, Denmark. Silvia Magnoni and Andrea M. Bassi, Energies 2009, 2(4), 1151-1169

“Climate Policy Impacts on the Competitiveness of Energy-Intensive Manufacturing Sectors”. Andrea M. Bassi, J. S. Yudken and M. Ruth, Energy Policy 37(2009)3052–3060

Modeling US Energy Policy with Threshold 21: Understanding Energy Issues and Informing the U.S. Energy Policy Debate with T21, an Integrated Dynamic Simulation Tool.
By Bassi, A.M. 2008. Verlag VDM
Available on Amazon.com

“Quantifying Cross-Sectoral Impacts of Investments in Climate Change Mitigation in Ecuador”. Andrea M. Bassi, A.E. Baer, Energy for Sustainable Development.

“An Integrated Approach to Energy Prospects for North America and the Rest of the World”. Andrea M. Bassi, and R. Powers, W. Schoenberg, Energy Economics, In Press.

“An Integrated Approach to Support Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation”. Andrea M. Bassi, in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6 392007, March 2009. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1307/6/39/392007.

“Evaluating the Creation of a Parallel Non-Oil Transportation System in an Oil Constrained Future”, Andrea M. Bassi, A. Drake, E.L. Tennyson and H.R. Herren. 2009 TRB Conference: Annual Conference of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, January 11-15, 2009, Washington DC, USA.

Informing the U.S. Energy Policy Debate
Andrea Bassi and John Shilling Technological Forecasting & Social Change (2009)

Modeling U.S. Energy With Threshold 21
By Andrea Bassi, 2006

Potential Contributions of Existing Computer-based Models to Comparative Assessment of Development Options
By Matteo Pedercini, 2005

T21-Cape Verde: Report of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Exercise
By Millennium Institute, 2004

Guyana: Impacts of Structural Reform in Bauxite and Sugar on Economic Prospects and Poverty Reduction
By Millennium Institute, 2002

T21 China: An Initial Application and Analysis
By Weishuang Qu and Gerald O. Barney, 2000

Chinese and Global Food Security to 2030: Reducing the Uncertainties. Final Report of The Strategy and Action Project for Chinese and Global Food Security.
By Gerald O. Barney, Philip Bogdonoff, and Weishuang Qu, 1999.

A Skeptic's Guide to Computer Models
By John Sterman, 1998

Reaching the Vision: Analysis of Possible Options
By National Economic Council of Malawi, 1998

Sustainable Development for Italy: An Integrated Model-Based Report
By Gerald O. Barney, Weishuang Qu, and Philip Bogdonoff, 1998

Possible Futures for Bangladesh, Tunisia, and the United States: A Technical Report
By Philip Bogdonoff, Weishuang Qu, and Gerald O. Barney, 1997

Global 2000 Revisited: What Shall We Do?
By Gerald O. Barney, Jane Blewett, and Kristen Barney, 1993