The goal of the Climate Change Studies program is to contextualize energy and climate change issues through the creation of a set of integrated simulation models able to test the effectiveness of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies under different scenarios.
|© Reuters: NASA
Understanding that energy issues are global, connected to (and influenced by) climate change and national security issues, MI has adopted a comprehensive approach to support policy analysis and evaluation of these issues. This approach uses integrated (global, regional and national) models that incorporate the links between energy and society, economy, and environment in a single framework to investigate energy issues.
The motivation for this research work is the urgency to find effective solutions to the inevitable climate change-related challenges we will face; and the need to provide policy makers with the tools they need to understand these issues and the systems in which they arise, so they can make informed policy decisions.
Policy decisions are dependent on the social, economic, environmental and political contexts and require modelers to establish a trust relationship with policy makers and stakeholders in order to create a valuable tool and be successful at developing effective policies. This is only achievable through flexibility, transparency and collaboration.
MI has considerable experience analyzing climate change impacts. Studies our modelers have conducted include on Mali, Jamaica, Bhutan, Mozambique, Ecuador, North America and the Unites States. Some of our recently completed and ongoing studies are:
- Under a collaboration with WWF, MI has expanded the Threshold 21 China (T21-China) model to examine ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the cement and iron and steel industries through use of current and new technologies. more
- The Ecuador study analyzes important synergies between energy efficiency investments and socio-economic redistribution of wealth, and environmental preservation. more
- The North America study investigates the impacts of reduced oil availability on society, economy and environment, including the analysis of a variety of energy efficiency and renewable energy policies aimed at reducing GHG emissions. more
- The US national analysis aims at evaluating the wider impacts of energy policies currently being discussed, such as RPS and CAFE standards. A more detailed analysis of the US transportation sector and energy intensive industries concentrates on evaluating the use of mature technology to move towards environmental, energy and national security goals, and on the analysis of countrywide cap-and-trade proposals respectively. more
- The Lolland study examines the impacts of mega projects in renewable energy on the local economy and environment. more
- Collaboration with Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, Bangladesh Development Research Center, and International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to develop a research program and policy framework for climate change adaptation in Bangladesh. more
- In the Mali study, data on precipitation were used to determine the effect of water availability on agricultural yield for a variety of crops in different regions of Mali. more
- The Bhutan exercise has exogenous weather effects on crop yields and on hydro water sources.
- The Mozambique research has exogenous effects of natural disasters. more
- The Jamaica model includes exogenous natural disaster effects (hurricanes) on economy, government revenues, government disaster relief expenditures, and tourism. more